A popular filler flower in floral arrangements, solidago is so much more than just a green. Otherwise known as Goldenrod, solidago is a genus of about 100 to 120 species of flowering plants in the aster family, Asteraceae.
(Plus, it’s offered all year round).
“But on the hills the golden-rod, and the aster in the wood, And the yellow sunflower by the brook, in autumn beauty stood.”
—William Cullen Bryant
Solidago’s most popular meanings are:
The British believed this bloom to point towards golden treasures and mark hidden spots due to its tiny golden blooms. 
Historically, solidago has been used as a symbol of good fortune, growth, and encouragement. Because of its ability to survive in diverse, harsh environments, goldenrod represents good luck and a pioneering spirit (pretty fitting given its origins in the meadows and pastures of North America).
Solidago was named as the state flower of Nebraska and Kentucky. However, given its fast-growing (and somewhat aggressive) nature, solidago is sometimes regarded as a weed or as an invasive plant throughout North America. In Europe, however, they are prized golden jewels. 
The name solidago comes from the Latin word solida, meaning whole and ago meaning to make.
In Italy, this herb is known as Solidago, as well as in Spain, however, the Spanish do also refer to this plant as Vara de oro. In French, goldenrod translates to Verge d’ or and in German, to the very fitting Goldrute.
In the US, goldenrod also goes by the common names woundwort and Aaron’s rod, however, each species has its own general names. 
Solidago has made its mark on American history. In other words…America and goldenrod go way back.
After the Boston Tea Party, the tea made from goldenrod became known as liberty tea. This was the first known liberty tea ever to exist, and for quite a while it was the colonist’s beverage of choice while protesting against British taxation.
This liberty tea was later exported to China because of its esteemed quality.
On October 26, 1918 a national publication called the Independent published its first survey on the American opinions of a national flower. The survey found that Americans were torn between four flowers:
The debate continued further into the century.
In 1942, solidago was still holding strong as a front runner for America’s National Flower, but had developed a nasty reputation for causing allergies, specifically, hay fever.
While goldenrod’s pollen was then believed to be an aeroallergen, scientists have since discovered that this is not the case. The pollen produced by solidago is actually not airborne, and it just so happens that this bloom blossoms at the same time as ragweed, which we all know is the true culprit.
In the end, solidago did not win big as America’s National Flower. In 1986 the debate was settled and the rose received the honor of being the country’s national flower. 
DID YOU KNOW?
Short goldenrod is a very rare species of goldenrod. It’s only found in two locations, Kentucky and Indiana. This species of solidago is about to go extinct. 
Some solidago grow in sunny meadows and prairies, while others prefer semi-shaded woodland locations, boggy environments, and even salty coastal spots.
Since each different species is found growing in a wide range of environments with different soil conditions, the native habitat of the species you are planting should always be considered.
Solidago grows from either clump-forming crowns or rhizomes. Clump-forming varieties are better suited for manicured garden beds and boarders because they won’t spread as aggressively.
Plant more rambunctious rhizomatous varieties where you can easily contain the spread or in a naturalistic garden setting where they won’t be as intrusive.
Most varieties of solidago prefer full sun, with the exception of the woodland species which thrive in partial shade.
No special soil is needed, however, some varieties will adapt well to heavy clay, sandy, or rocky soils. Try not to plant solidago in overly rich soils, as this can lead to leggy growth.
Goldenrod is easy to grow from seeds. You can sow your solidago seeds in late fall or early winter. They will begin the germination process once temperatures begin to warm the following spring. Wherever you plant your seeds, be sure to sow them on the soil’s surface as they will need the sunlight to germinate.
Since solidago is in fact a wildflower, they need very little care once fully established.
Goldenrod is drought tolerant and disease resistant. Don’t worry about fertilizing, as this usually only leads to floppy growth. 
DID YOU KNOW?
Thomas Edison made tires for his Model T Ford that was given to him by his friend Henry Ford using rubber from the Goldenrod plant. 
Solidago in general has quite a long vase life, however, as with all cut flowers, it’s important to note that these flowers have all been removed from their natural life source, so a little extra care can go a long way in keeping your fresh cut blooms alive for as long as possible.
Since solidago is believed to bring wealth and happiness, goldenrod makes the perfect housewarming gift.
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