Baby’s Breath Gypsophila

Baby’s breath plants have become somewhat of a cliché in floral arrangements, but you may fall in love with this plant all over again in the flower garden. The plants look dainty but hang tough in dry sandy soils, and they’re deer resistant to boot.

The baby’s breath plant often grown for decorative purposes has the scientific name Gypsophila paniculata, and it is commonly used as a cut flower to give a delicate look in arrangements and bouquets.

The Meaning of Baby's Breath

What’s that small, white, puffy flower in the bouquet? Odds are it’s baby’s breath. 

Even those completely unfamiliar with flowers know what baby’s breath looks like. It’s been an essential part of floral arrangements for as far back as we can remember and there doesn’t seem to be any sign of it stopping.

Nearly everyone on the planet has seen baby’s breath peeking out of a corsage or bouquet but not many know the deeper meaning behind it. 

Etymological Meaning of the Baby Breath Flower
The name Gypsophila is derived from the fact that all the flowers in this family thrive on soil high in gypsum, a mineral that makes the soil too thick and heavy for many other types of plants. [1]

These small, bright white flowers symbolize:

  • Innocence
  • Newborn babies
  • Reconnecting with lost loves or disconnected family members
  • Self discipline and the ability to stay focused on love
  • Everlasting and undying love, including family, platonic, and romantic bonds
  • Pureness and freedom from outside influences or corruption
  • The power of the Holy Spirit in Christian faith

And that’s just to name a few! There is a lot more to tell about the meaning behind what baby’s breath is symbolic of.

Newborn babies
Who would’ve guessed it? Baby’s breath is a symbol of newborn babies and usually gifted to them and their parents. Symbolic of innocence and purity, this little flower represents everything that is nice, kind and loving. 

Holy Spirit
Baby’s breath is also a symbol of the Holy Spirit. This flower is often used in Christian ceremonies and we can often see it as a part of flower arrangements.

Baby’s breath symbolizes self-discipline and it is linked to the ability of people to devote their lives to something more important and higher than themselves. This symbolic meaning is often tied to prayer and ability of a human being to be in touch with the higher forces.

The white Baby’s breath flower is a symbol of unity, innocence, and spirituality, which goes perfectly with the symbolic meaning of this flower in general. White flowers are a must for every wedding ceremony and every baby shower.

Alternate color meanings
While not as common, baby’s breath also comes in a few other various colors outside of its normal white hue. Blue baby’s breath symbolizes honesty, trust, and respect. Orange baby’s breath symbolizes happiness, joy, and optimism. Red baby’s breath symbolizes love, affection, and romance. Pink baby’s breath is a symbol of gentle emotions, love, and romance. Purple baby’s breath is a symbol of nobility, royalty, and beauty. And lastly, yellow baby’s breath is a symbol of happiness, joy, and friendships.

Baby's Breath Color Meanings

While not as common, baby’s breath also comes in a few other various colors outside of its normal white hue.

Blue baby’s breath symbolizes honesty, trust, and respect.

Orange baby’s breath symbolizes happiness, joy, and optimism.

Red baby’s breath symbolizes love, affection, and romance.

Pink baby’s breath is a symbol of gentle emotions, love, and romance.

Purple baby’s breath is a symbol of nobility, royalty, and beauty.

Yellow baby’s breath is a symbol of happiness, joy, and friendships.

The History of Baby's Breath

Discuss any historical relevance regarding the flower:

  • Any uses that it’s had in the past, present
  • Countries/families that used it in crest/flags
  • If people/pets are commonly allergic to it, what research has been done
  • Where it’s grown
  • State/country flower? Birth month flower? 
  • Featured in any important artwork/songs/books
  • Anything else that’s interesting about the history of this flower

According to [2], gypsophila which is known in the United States as Baby’s Breath and in Great Britain as Soapwort is a vigorous perennial which was originally native to Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. The plant was introduced into the United States in 1828 when many plants admired by the Victorian gardeners of Great Britain made their way into the gardens of the United States. Gardeners and garden writers immediately fell in love with the plant. It was described as a plant of great daintiness, both in foliage and flowers, and useful for mist-like effects in mixed borders and containers.

Baby’s Breath was a staple of the Victorian Cottage Garden because of its light lacy floral canopy and its value as a long lasting cut flower, but it was most revered because it symbolizes everlasting love, purity and innocence in the Victorian language of flowers. 

The name refers to the fact that the plant loves calcium rich soils and can often be found growing wild in the areas where there are gypsum deposits. They grow in sandy, dry soil.  It is interesting to know that the work gypsophila actually means chalk-loving and this name comes from the conditions preferred by the baby’s breath plant. Johann Amman, a Swiss-Russian botanist, sent the first samples of the plant from St Petersburg.  The sample travelled all the way to Linnaeus.

Baby’s breath attracts many varieties of butterflies and also is known to attract bees. The variety, Covent Garden, was introduced in 1936 by the Grand Junction Seed Company of Colorado.

Baby’s breath quickly became popular and cultivated in countries like Peru.  In fact, a large amount to Peru’s flower exports are thanks to baby’s breath alone! 

In cities like Chicago, this plant is considered and even classified as an invasive species.  Clearly the conditions in these areas are just perfect for the plant to grow and there is just about no stopping it!  Many probably wonder why this would even pose a problem since these flowers are so very useful and popular. [3]

Although no mention has been seen for this species, at least one member of this genus has a root that is rich in saponins. Although toxic, these substances are very poorly absorbed by the body and so tend to pass through without causing harm. They are also broken down by heat so a long slow baking can destroy them. Saponins are found in many plants, including several that are often used for food, such as certain beans. It is advisable not to eat large quantities of food that contain saponins. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish.

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Baby's Breath Fun Fact

Some baby’s breath species have edible roots, and the plants and roots are also grown for and used as a medical ingredient. [4]

How to Grow Baby's Breath

Growing baby’s breath in a full sun area is relatively simple if the soil pH is right. The baby’s breath plant likes an alkaline or sweet soil. Soil should also be well-draining. If your baby’s breath plant does not perform well, take a soil test to determine the soil’s alkalinity. Start baby’s breath flowers in the garden from seeds, cuttings or tissue cultured plants. [6]

Despite its soft, sweet name and wedding-bouquet reputation, baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) has a dark double life as an invasive weed. The tiny white blossoms that fill out flower displays grow on perennial plants that grow to 3 feet tall and wide. Hardy in U.S. 

Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, baby’s breath has escaped cultivation and naturalized across much of the northern United States and Canada. If you decide to grow baby’s breath, consider the annual plant (Gypsophila muralis), which is not invasive. [6]

Locate your baby’s breath plant in full sun for fastest growth. The plant also grows in partial sun. Select an appropriate location the first time around, because baby’s breath does not do well if transplanted.

Plant baby’s breath in any well-drained soil that is alkaline, with a pH range from 7.0 to 7.5. In the wild, the plant grows well almost anywhere, on sandy, grassy or loamy soils in disturbed areas, beside roads, and even in ditches and cemeteries. As long as the soil drains well, your baby’s breath should do well.

Space the plants a yard apart — each should grow some 3 feet wide. If you plant in a windy area, stake the plants when they are young. As a baby’s breath plant matures, it becomes stiffer, and staking without breaking becomes more difficult.

Water weekly after planting for the first few months. Irrigate infrequently if at all after the plant is established in your garden. Baby’s breath prefers dry soils and tolerates drought.

Avoid fertilizer. Baby’s breath grows vigorously on dry, infertile soil and generally does not suffer from pest attacks or disease.

How to Dry Your Own Baby’s Breath 
Reaching 12 to 18 inches (30.5-46 cm.) at maturity, you can harvest and learn how to dry your own baby’s breath flowers. When cutting to dry flowers of the baby’s breath plant, choose stems with just half of the flowers in bloom while others are only buds. Don’t use stems with browning flowers. Re-cut stems of the baby’s breath under warm running water. Bundle five to seven stems together with twine or a rubber band. Hang these upside down in a dark, warm and well-ventilated room. Check the drying flowers after five days. When flowers are papery to the touch, they are ready for use in a dried arrangement. If they do not have the papery feel after five days, allow more time, checking every couple of days. Now that you’ve learned how to grow baby’s breath and how to dry it, include it as a border in your garden. If it does well, check with local florists to see if they are interested in purchasing some of the flowers you’ve perfected in your garden.

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Baby's Breath Fun Fact

In areas such as Chicago, this plant is considered and even classified as an invasive species.

How to Care for Baby's Breath

While it isn’t very common to receive a bouquet of just baby’s breath, if you were to grow your own and wanted to care for cut baby’s breath in a vase, you should follow these instructions from [7]

How Long Does Baby’s Breath Last For?
There are many varieties of baby’s breath and while some of the tiny blooms may die off rather quickly, most will last anywhere from 5 to 10 days. If you’re careful with how you care and handle these delicate babies, you’ll lengthen their lifespan.

How to Choose the Right Baby’s Breath
When it comes to purchasing bunches of baby’s breath, you obviously want to avoid any that show signs of browning. The best bunches will feature half open and half closed blooms with flowers that are fluffy and white. The stems should be green, thin, and wiry, fully loaded with flowers.

How to Care for Baby’s Breath
Separate each stem, and if there are leaves on the lower half, carefully remove them and rinse the lower part of the stems under cool running water. 

Keeping your baby’s breath hydrated: Use a sharp blade to cut an inch off the end of the stems and immediately place them into a sterilized container with about 4 inches of lukewarm water. It is also recommended that you use a flower-food solution to provide the baby’s breath with the proper nutrition. Everybody’s gotta eat, even flowers!

Refrigerating your baby’s breath: If you’re wondering how long  you can make your baby’s breath last, lengthen its lifespan by putting it in your refrigerator at around 35 F. They should be kept in water for at least 2 hours before they are used in your arrangements.

Caution: When kept in a refrigerator, baby’s breath can contract the fungal disease Botrytis, which is a gray mold. To reduce the risk, the flowers themselves should not be wet, just the stems. Also, please don’t leave the in a plastic bag. It will drastically alter the humidity and cause them to spoil. 

Reducing the Ethylene Sensitivity: When baby’s breath is exposed to ethylene, it will quickly begin to wilt because it is extremely sensitive to this gas. Before you purchase your baby’s breath, double check with the seller that an ethylene inhibitor was administered at the farm prior to or during the shipping process. Fruits, vegetables, decaying flowers, and foliage, as well as automobile exhaust and cigarette smoke all give off ethylene gas and can have a negative effect on your baby’s breath.

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When to Give
Baby's Breath as a Gift

Florists often cultivate this plant for its uses in arrangements. There are many reasons it is used to create bouquets or centerpieces. It is rarely used as a focal point in any vases or arrangements. [8]

The most common use is as a filler for any bouquet or gift basket. This is because the delicate blossoms spread and fill in bare spots. It allows the other flowers to stand out more as it appears subtle.

This is common for table arrangements as it can fill in empty areas. Examples may include one or two large blooms surrounded by gypsophila. The flowers may also be placed around candles or other centerpieces.

Another popular use is to dry flowers for use in dried arrangements. These last a long time without losing color or becoming too brittle. This makes baby’s breath a versatile plant for florists and gardeners.


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